a)        Saying hello

Hallo!
Guten Morgen! (Morgen!)
Guten Abend! (Abend!)
Grüß dich/Gott!
Servus!
Tschüss!
Tschau!
(Auf) Wiedersehen!
Bis später!
Bis morgen!
Bis dann!

Hello!
good; Good morning! (Morning!
Good evening! (Evening!)
Saying hello in South Germany. [Greet you/God!]
Saying hello or goodbye in South Germany.
Bye!
Ciao!
Goodbye! [On Again-Seing!]
See you later! [Until later!]
See you tomorrow! [Greet you/God!]
See you! [Until then!]

As  in English, there are quite a few different ways to say hello and goodbye and there are many more  regional differences than shown here (for a  more complete list, click here), but these examples are probably the most common and most important ones. You should get familiar with them, they are all used very frequently. (Hallo and Tschüss being the most universal ones).

b)       Welcoming someone

Willkommen!
Herzlich willkommen!
Willkommen zu Hause!
Willkommen in …!

Welcome!
Heartfelt welcome!
Welcome home!
Welcome in…!

c)        What’s your name?

Wie heißt du?
Wie heißen Sie?

What’s your name? [How are-called you?]
What’s your name {polite}? [How are-called They?]

d)       How are you?

Wie geht’s? (Wie geht’s dir?)
Wie geht es Ihnen?

How are you? [How goes it to you?]
How are you {polite}? [How goes it to Them?]

e)        Where are you from?

Wo kommst du her?/Woher kommst du?
Wo kommen Sie her?/Woher kommen Sie?

Where are you from?
Where are you {polite} from? [/Where come They from?]

f)         Happy!

Das freut mich!

That’s great! [That pleases me!] among adults, a bit formal.

g)        Not so happy!

Mir ist langweilig.
Ist dir langweilig?
Ein bisschen.

I am bored.
Are you bored?
A bit.

h)       Incredible!

Immer noch?!

Still?!

i)         Meeting:

Bist du allein?
Bist du allein zu Hause?
Sind Sie allein zu Hause?
Kommst du zu Jannik?
Kommst du allein?
Kommen Sie zu Herrn Schmidt?
Kommen Sie allein?
Gehst du zu Anne?
Gehen Sie zu Frau Stern?

Are you alone?
Are you alone at home?
Are you {polite} alone at home?
Are you coming to Jannik’s?
Are coming alone?
Are you {polite} coming to Mr Schmidt’s?
Are you [polite] coming alone?
Are you going to Anne’s?
Are you going to Ms. Stern?

j)         Lost somewhere:


Siehst du mich?
Ich sehe dich.
Seht ihr mich?
Wir sehen dich.
Ah, ich sehe euch.

Wo bist du?
Wo sind Sie?
Ich bin hier.


(Can) you see me?
I (can) see you.
(Can) you [pl.] see me?
We (can) see you.
I (can) see you [pl.]?

Where are you?
Where are you [polite]?
I am here.

k)       Yes/No/…

Ja.
Nein.
Ein bisschen.

Yes.
No.
A bit.

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